What Was the Significance of the Tennis Court Oath in the French Revolution in Points

What he refused, however, was to accept the elimination of the old distinctions that rested in the domains. Although the reforms were part of the demands of the domain, their main demand had been rejected. They have long been frustrated by the votes, the veto and the absolute lack of power, compared to the other two areas. This served as a significant inspiration for several other revolutionary acts of defiance that would follow. Almost overnight, the royal tennis court or “jeu de paume” was transformed from a royal gym into a symbol of revolution, democracy and challenge. The oath on the tennis court itself was the first time the estates had come together with such ferocity against the monarch. Their determination and refusal to give in was a true representation of rebellion and authoritarian defiance in this period of French history. So the next time you play a game of tennis, remember its roots in the French Revolution and share your fun facts with your opponent. Each major revolution can be traced back to a few different moments that really defined it or got things done.

For the French Revolution, one of these defining moments came from the historic oath of the tennis court in 1789. The oath meant for the first time that French citizens were formally opposed to Louis XVI, and the Refusal of the National Assembly to yield forced the king to make concessions. The United States Declaration of Independence of 1776 alluded to it and relied heavily on it, especially the preamble. The oath also inspired a variety of revolutionary activities in the months that followed, ranging from unrest in the French countryside to renewed demands for a written constitution. This strengthened the strength of the assembly, and although the king tried to thwart its effects, Louis was forced to yield, and on June 27, 1789, he formally requested that the vote be based on the number of heads and not on the power of each domain. [9] The tennis court oath (June 20, 1789) precedes the abolition of feudalism (August 4, 1789) and the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Civil Rights (August 26, 1789). [Citation needed] Decrees that all members of this Assembly shall immediately take a solemn oath never to separate and to meet whenever circumstances so require until the Constitution of the Reich is established and placed on solid foundations; And after this oath has been taken, all the members and each of them confirm this unwavering resolution by their signatures. For more informative articles about the sport and the history of tennis, read this excellent article on the layout of a tennis court. In an act of defiance, they move away from the rooms, in the building next door, which housed a tennis court or “Jeu de Paume”, which was largely built by Louis XVI. Self-used. The king left the rooms, but they did not leave the land. They took the opportunity to reaffirm their oath, which they had taken a few days earlier.

They continued to hold their meetings – an act that clearly opposed what Louis XVI had ordered. They refused to listen to the guards and did not leave the room. On June 17, the Third Estate began to call itself the National Assembly under the leadership of Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, Count of Mirabeau. [1] On the morning of June 20, MPs were shocked to discover that the door to the chamber had been locked and guarded by soldiers. They immediately feared the worst and feared a royal attack by King Louis XVI. Immediately imminent, at the suggestion of one of its members, Joseph-Ignace Guillotin[2], the deputies met in a courtyard near the Jeu de Paume in the Saint-Louis district of the city of Versailles near the Palace of Versailles. There, 576 of the 577 members of the Third Estate took a collective oath “not to separate and to meet again wherever circumstances so require until the Constitution of the Kingdom is established.” [3] The only person who did not take the oath was Joseph Martin-Dauch de Castelnaudary, who only made the decisions made by the monarch. [4] To truly understand something, it is important to know a little more about the events that led to it. So let`s take a look at the background itself before we dive into the nature of the oath.

Before the revolution, society was divided into three main segments, or “lands,” as they were called. The first of these included the clergy, the second consisted of the French nobility, and the third covered the rest of the French, who were a mixture of exceptionally rich people, poor merchants, and all those in between. What makes this moment so meaningful? And what is the story behind the name? The Third Estate, which had the most representatives, declared itself the National Assembly and took an oath to impose a new constitution on the king. At first, Louis seemed to give in, legalizing the National Assembly under the Third Estate, but then surrounded Versailles with troops and deposed Jacques Necker, a popular minister of state who had supported the reforms. In response, Parisians mobilized and stormed the Bastille – a state prison where they believed ammunition was stored – on July 14, and the French Revolution began. The result was nothing short of revolutionary, and that`s thanks to the fateful day when the assembly promised its tennis court oath. This brings us to the revolutionary act of the tennis court oath. Members` fears, even if they were false, were reasonable and the meaning of the oath is beyond its context. [6] The oath was a revolutionary act and an affirmation that political authority emanated from the people and their representatives and not from the monarchy. Their solidarity forced Louis XVI to order the clergy and nobility to join the Third Estate in the National Assembly in order to create the illusion that he controlled the National Assembly. [1] This oath was crucial for the Third State as a protest that led to more power in the States General, and then in all the governing bodies.

[7] The deputies of the Third Estate, who realized that they would be put in a minority by the two privileged orders, the clergy and the nobility, in any attempt at reform, had formed a National Assembly on June 17. When they met on the 20th. They moved to a nearby tennis court (jeu de paume room). There, they took an oath never to separate until a written constitution for the France had been drafted. Faced with the solidarity of the Third Estate, King Louis XVI yielded and ordered the clergy and nobility to join the Third Estate in the National Assembly on 27 June. The king then introduced a number of reforms, including the determination of a more representative form of government, a review of the tax system, and the promise of a significant improvement to the current legal system. Following the event of June 22, the deputies of the estate, accompanied by several members of the clergy and two representatives of the nobility, met in the church of Versailles. The king then asked the estates to hold their meetings in their own domains, but this was met with collective dissent. On June 20, when the Assembly intended to meet in the House, they found that they had been locked out. Whether this was done intentionally or not is still a point of contention among historians, but the assembly saw it as a deliberate act to thwart their plans for solidarity and unification.

The Third Estate included the overwhelming majority of the French population, but the structure of the Estates General was such that the Third Estate included a narrow majority of the delegates. [Citation needed] A simple majority was sufficient – provided that the delegates` votes were cast together. The first and second Landtags preferred to divide the vote; A proposal may need to be approved by each succession, or there may be two “houses” of the Estates General (one for the first two successions and one for the third) and a bill will have to be passed by both chambers. Either way, the first and second Landtags could veto proposals that enjoy broad support in the Third Estate, such as reforms that threatened the privileges of the nobility and clergy. [Citation needed] On June 27, Louis XVI withdrew from his previous position and ordered the unification of the states, calling on the remaining members of the two states to join the third and abolish for the first time the old practice of partition. .