What Is a Un Convention or Protocol

The objective of the Convention is to promote, protect and guarantee the full and equal enjoyment of all human rights by persons with disabilities. It covers a number of key areas such as accessibility, personal mobility, health, education, employment, empowerment and rehabilitation, political participation, equality and non-discrimination. The Convention marks a shift in thinking about disability from a social protection problem to a human rights problem that recognizes that societal barriers and prejudices are themselves disabling. Top of Page The term “protocol” is used for agreements that are less formal than those called “contract” or “agreement”. The term could be used to cover the following types of instruments: will this convention create obligations for States? No. The Convention does not create “new rights” or “claims”. What the Convention does, however, is to express existing rights in a way that responds to the needs and circumstances of persons with disabilities. Top of page The Convention calls for the “gradual implementation” of most of its provisions according to the resources of each country. Some measures will require money, and for countries where resources are scarce, it is hoped that international assistance – which has neglected the needs of people with disabilities – will help. Although these instruments differ from each other in title, they all have common characteristics, and international law has applied essentially the same rules to all these instruments. These rules are the result of many years of practice among States that have accepted them as binding norms in their mutual relations.

Therefore, they are considered customary international law. As there was a general desire to codify these usual rules, two international agreements were negotiated. The 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (“1969 Vienna Convention”), which entered into force on 27 January 1980, contains provisions on treaties between States. The 1986 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties between States and International Organizations or between International Organizations (“1986 Vienna Convention”), which has not yet entered into force, added rules for treaties with international organizations as contracting parties. Both the 1969 Vienna Convention and the 1986 Vienna Convention do not distinguish between the different names of these conventions. Instead, their rules apply to all these instruments as long as they meet certain common requirements. Since its establishment, the Ad Hoc Committee has held eight meetings. At its first two meetings in 2002 and 2003, the Committee considered the possibility of elaborating an international instrument on the rights of persons with disabilities and considered the nature of that instrument and the elements to be included. At its second meeting, the Ad Hoc Committee established a working group to prepare a draft text of a convention. The working group, composed of government representatives and NGOs, met in January 2004 and drafted a negotiating text. At its third, fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh and eighth sessions, the Ad Hoc Committee continued its negotiations.

The text of the Convention was revised by the Ad Hoc Committee on 26 August 2006. This introductory remark is intended to provide a fundamental — but not exhaustive — overview of the key terms used in the United Nations Treaty Series to designate international instruments that are binding under international law: treaties, agreements, conventions, charters, protocols, declarations, declarations of intent, modus vivendi and exchange of notes. The aim is to facilitate a general understanding of their scope and function. By ratifying a convention and after the entry into force of the treaty, a country accepts its legal obligations under the treaty and enacts implementing legislation. The Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, also known as the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees or the Geneva Convention of 28 September. July 1951[2] is a multilateral treaty of the United Nations that defines who is a refugee and defines the rights of those who have been granted asylum and the responsibilities of nations that grant asylum. The Convention also defines which persons are not considered refugees, such as . B war criminals. The Convention also provides for visa-free travel document holders of refugees issued under the Convention. Once the Convention enters into force, a Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities will monitor its implementation.

Countries ratifying the Convention should report regularly to the Committee on their progress. An optional protocol gives citizens of countries that choose to ratify the protocol the possibility to lodge an individual complaint with the committee when national options no longer exist. High Does it make economic sense for countries to adopt the convention? Other human rights treaties, such as conventions. B relating to the rights of the child and women, have had a major impact on the fight against rights violations. A drafting group to ensure consistency of terminology throughout the text of the draft Convention and to harmonize versions in the official languages of the United Nations reviewed the text from September to November 2006. The term “convention” can in turn have both a generic and a specific meaning. Throughout history, people with disabilities have been seen as people who need social protection and who command sympathy rather than respect. This Convention is an important step towards changing the perception of disability and ensures that societies recognise that all people must have the opportunity to live their lives to the fullest, whatever it may be. The methods used to ensure accessibility during the negotiation process have become more sophisticated over time. The methods developed from diskettes and Braille documents to e-mail and website communication.

A website has been created that is accessible according to the standards of the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines version 1.0 (WCAG 1.0) up to compliance level A. This accessibility allowed users of assistive technologies such as screen readers, among others, to access the site efficiently and made it possible to resize the text for those who needed to display enlarged text. The working documents for the negotiation of the texts of the Convention were published on the website as soon as they were discussed at a meeting of the Ad Hoc Committee, an innovative practice for the negotiations on the United Nations Convention. The website thus provided immediate global access to the rapidly evolving discussions and gave groups from around the world the opportunity to get involved in the process in a timely manner and on specific topics. In addition, the conference room at the United Nations headquarters in New York, where the negotiations took place, was made accessible via Wi-Fi in the middle of the negotiation process. .